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Mountaineering and an extreme in Crimea  
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Mountain Crimea and JUBK
· Geography, a relief, a climate
· the Crimean toponymics
· the River network
· Vegetation and animals
· Geological secrets of Crimea
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the River network. A swimming season on the mountain rivers and lakes

the River network is dense enough (150 rivers), and river valleys have quite often impressive and very attractive kind, one is bad - waters in them a little, and sometimes and at all is not present, as in suhorechi Chatyrlyk. It of that half of their food is made by rain waters, moreover the fifth part - thawing of snow.

It is possible to judge features of a food and high water time simply from the name of the river, a stream or a source.

In Crimea names basically Turkic, come from ancient nomadic culture for which water was the main thing in an economic rhythm.

Ak - generally means the white. But with reference to water – snow, that is having a snow food, and, hence, a rough spring high water and very low level in the summer, up to drying. Ak-chokrak, hence not so white spring, and a spring from thawing of snow. In the summer such spring can dry up completely and it is not necessary to count on it especially. With such name in Crimea it is a lot of sources.

the Penalty - generally – black. But if about water (for example as in a spring from snow-white mergelej – the Ak-sou) it is possible to tell that it white to translate the name of small river the Penalty-sou as Black water is not necessary. It is a question of the water beating from the earth by a powerful fountain. In French (and in general scientific terminology) such sources are called vokljuz. Really, a source of Karasu-bashi (bashi – the head) represents all year long powerfully beating underground springs. And the name of the Bath of the Youth in the Grand Canyon of Crimea - Karagol should translate not as black lake (water in it always brightly green-blue), and as lake with an underground food which is always filled by water even if above it dries up.

The Mystic force with which allocate bathing in the Youth Bath, is quite explainable. Here crossing of two breaks – a grandiose multikilometer break on which hills, and small on which of depths crystal waters get have parted in the parties.

In the majority of the Crimean small rivers for November-April 70 - 90% of an annual drain prokatyvaetsja on abrupt channels to the sea, without having had time to give to drink the earth. Therefore in Crimea so it is a lot of ponds and water basins. Many are constructed of them under the traditional scheme with use aryk-bashi, the special channel taking surplus of waters from the river aside from a channel in specially chosen and obvalovannoe deepening in a relief. Aryk-bashi it is possible to see and now around Red caves, at with. Falcon, below highway from Mishora to Alupke and in already concrete modern variant aryk-bashi Alma to the Alminsky water basin at the item Post dewaters from the river.

This extremely clever and "harmless" technology, on the one hand, leaves untouched a channel of the river with its difficult and not giving in to any forecasts (even on the most perfect computers) a life, and with another, - reliably keeps a water bowl from freshet washouts. Unfortunately, water basins and the ponds constructed after 50th, have departed from century Crimean tradition. Primitive peregorazhivanie channels with flooding of valleys, as a rule, conducts to lifting of ground waters, bogging or disappearance of springs, omertveniju the bottom current. So outside of Foothills all Crimean small rivers represent now pity ditches and in water supply of a role do not play.

But in mountain valleys of small river are picturesque and quick, and ponds give excellent possibilities for bathing and fishing. However, it is authorised not everywhere, so simply ask local residents before to be dipped. From safety reasons also it is necessary to learn, where it is better to bathe, whether it is possible to dive, what bottom.

At Southern and Southeast coast the pleasure from bathing can be received only in falls. Water basins all are strictly protected, and ponds small, small, arranged in slates which contain many clay particles. And to the sea, as a rule nearby so it is not necessary to change sea bathing for doubtful floundering in a pond. Unless in the spring when the sea still cold, and ponds instantly get warm. Bathing in falls – pleasure special and warmth of water here is not so necessary. Force from which it beats in a body from height (at Dzhur-dzhur is 15 metres) is that that the temperature of value has no. Adrenaline from within fills in with heat!

Well and thin fields which are felt by psychics (yes, probably, and people with usual abilities) speak falls them razlomnym an origin. The terrestrial cloak in such places as if breathes, exchanging energy with a surface.

Are good (and falls of Alaki (17 km of highway the Alushta-pike perch and upwards) and natural boundaries Panagija (above are less populous) with. Zelenogore over resorts of Privetnoe and Sea). Air in them is sated by ions from overthrown water and fitontsidami from magnificent pines, beeches and oaks.

Bathing in lakes and ponds of Foothills which are especially good on northern border of the Crimean reserve in a small river Bodrak valley, in general, mystical does not bear anything, but fine freshens.


to Reserve permits directly in health resorts it is possible on a site
" rest in Crimea without яюёЁхфэшъют".



In addition on the given theme:

Geography, a relief, a climate and tourism seasons. Features of weather in mountains
the Crimean toponymics
Geological secrets of Mountain Crimea. Earthquakes, landslips, collapses, have sat down

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