the Cornel and a wood nut grow almost everywhere to the south from Simferopol - as an underbrush in dubovo-grabovyh woods and it is independent on stony slopes and in beams, forming kustarnikovye thickets together with a hawthorn, a barberry, a dogrose. Quite often in such places, and also on solar edges impassable curtains are formed by a sloe (wild plum), a prickly liana a blackberry, or azhina. By the way, it is frequent also a dogrose meets in the form of the prickly lianas entangling trees. To collect it is one frustration: berries large and beautiful, but you will not reach. It is possible to see kustarnikovye thickets and in the most droughty semidesertic landscapes of Tarhankuta and Kerch peninsula - one recover beams and suhorechja.
In mountain woods occasionally there is a guelder-rose, a mountain ash of different kinds (the most remarkable - krupnoplodnaja with brushes of pear-shaped fragrant fruits of yellow colour with a flush, artificial landings are round the Simferopol water basin) and is absolutely rare mushmula German - a tree from podsemejstva jablonevyh with brownish tart fruits. However, on Southern coast it grows self-sowing even along roads.
Everywhere in wood it is possible to meet and ancestors of our gardens - various kinds of crabs, pears, a cherry plum, an apricot, a cherry, a sweet cherry. There are their fruits frequently it is impossible because of tartness and knitting taste, it is better to dry for the winter, and then to add in compotes from dried fruits for wood aroma or to use for the same additives at house conservation. Fruits of wild plum - a sloe differ also painting effect, give to any compote dense and juicy red colour. Fruit liqueur from a sloe at small (20 grammes on a glass) addition in tea irreplaceable means for cold, it will always save from illness if was dripping wet and was chilled to bones. Some drinks, and warmth waves spread on all body, filling each section.
Edibility of the listed fruits does not raise the doubts, and here a berry a juniper prickly *, reminding a fur-tree with very rigid needles, but for some reason covered large dark red " уюфрьш" tried not many. Meanwhile, this excellent means for weariness on the journey, tart and fragrant berries freshen, strengthen gums, possess bactericidal properties. If you will be interested by the Scandinavian kitchen berries it is necessary nasobirat and to dry for the future. They and if you not absolutely successfully transfer transport, moreover on mountain roads will be useful. For such cases well also simply to chew a bunch of long needles of a pine Crimean - only do not put them in a mouth the sharp ends not to be wounded.
There is also one more plant standing independently from other, - silvery loh ("фшър ьрёышэр"). He loves dry solar places, is not afraid some salt. In the end of summer small oval fruits with muchnisto-sweet pulp and a stone grow ripe. Along beaches of the Western coast, and on Kerch peninsula it is unique protection both against heat and against extraneous eyes. But, please, at least bury a waste in sand and do not break branches. Without loha and the life is bad - with such patient and useful creation it is necessary to become impudent moderately. Except it will already not grow anything.
Loh is delivered to us from caucasus as a park plant, but now extends self-sowing. The destiny of almonds and a walnut is same. Once they were garden plants, but many centuries are settled independently.
* not to confuse to a juniper high, or treelike, - the rare plant brought in the Red book of the USSR. Berries at it bluish, small and insipid.
the Walnut , the truth, last decades in places has suffered from distribution to Crimea, in the beginning in parks, then self-sowing of a North American nut gikori for which small fruits and almost impenetrable reservation of a shell are characteristic. Because of repollination these unnecessary signs began to be shown and at a walnut. As local orehoplodnye - leshchina and a filbert, and newcomers yield fruits, spejushchie in September. Many love nuts of wax ripeness and collect them in August. It is necessary to eat such fruits at once, to prepare for the future them it is useless. Those nuts which separate from a peel (a walnut and almonds - or from green "°ряюёъш" are well stored only; (a filbert and leshchina).
The tree strawberry rather exotically looks, but here is how time zemljanichnik melkoplodnyj is the most native for Juzhnoberezhja a tree, one of few relicts dolednikovogo the period. Its fruits, reminding a considerable quantity of seeds round a soft berry, wild strawberry, are collected in a brush on neskolku pieces. They ripen in the end of August and food value possess in a natural kind only for birds; with sugar, a syrup or liquor descend for a dessert and for people. Cook from them kissels, jam, jams and jam. Park overseas brothers Crimean zemljanichnika - krupnoplodnyj and Mentsiza differ the best fruits, but the park is park, and to go berry-picking better all the same in wood.
The Most fertile is time in wood comes in the end of summer, and the same kind of fruits keeps up on the slopes turned to the sun nearly month earlier, than in shady valleys of streams and rivulets. Quite often and in absolutely identical conditions you will see a cornel with showered black fruits, and nearby only the reddened. This phenomenon of polymorphism (many forms) is characteristic almost for all wild fruit plants of Crimea: a walnut, a hawthorn. Pears, a dogrose, a sloe and so on. It concerns the form and the sizes of fruits, their taste and colour, the sizes and the crone form so the wood apple-tree is sometimes difficult for distinguishing from a pear or a hawthorn, and the hawthorn suddenly reminds taste a quince. This changeability speaks centuries-old influence of the person on flora of mountain woods, repeated odichaniem the plants entered into culture at the time of wars and breeding movings, a wide circulation chairov - wood gardens.
Cornel Berries in them large, the pear-shaped form, the sloe on the size does not concede to a cherry plum, and the filbert in two-three times is larger than the usual. Apricots, plums, apples, not much more concede pears in the size garden, but differ special wood aroma. For certain will surprise you and that these fruits usually without a uniform wormhole.
The Wood garden was formed within several years, and even decades. In the beginning in a valley of a stream by means of wattled dams the fertile silt weighed in storm streams was late. It covered boulders and a pebble with an equal dense cover - so steps of original terraces with an excellent natural drainage were formed. The stream channel went from more abrupt board of a valley that water could samotekom irrigate these terraces. Then here young wild-growing fruit plants - "фшёъш" changed from surrounding wood; perceptible force.
On "фшёър§" cultivars, but not "эхцхэъш" in due course took root; and undemanding to leaving. Vegetative communities as we them name now fitotsenozy, possessing self-control communications, vzaimopodderzhki, stability to wreckers and illnesses were gradually formed.
Chairy most easier to see in vicinities of Red caves (natural boundary Suuchhan, to the south of a meteorological station carriage), and also in vicinities of Bakhchisarai, an upper course of a beam of Ashlama-dere severo-to the east Chufut-kale.
The Most magnificent chairy have remained near to village Rich gorge of the Bakhchsarai area. In the village which existed not one hundred years, at all was not neither gardens, nor kitchen gardens. The big two-storeyed houses with magazami (the economic ground floors) have not been separated even by fences. And fruit grew up only in wood gardens. On village around hillsides all convenient glades have been fixed to sorts and families which from generation to generation improved secrets of unusual Crimean gardening.