Quite often speak about island character of fauna of Crimea and its specific poverty. Yes, bears, rossomahi, rounds and wild wild boars have been exterminated in the Middle Ages (I do not speak about mammoths and saber-toothed tigers). The wolf, a wild horse tarpan, sajga, a marmot, drofa and other kinds have disappeared with raspashkoj steppes, and a wild goat (of its skin did the well-known morocco) - because of cutting down of woods by Russian landowners.
However Crimea now not only possesses excellent zoological collections of museums, but also interesting zoos, and also accepts foreign tourists for sports hunting and foreign scientists for researches.
At us few large animals. Predatory only 7 kinds (the largest - a badger and a fox), artiodactyl - 6 kinds, including a red deer, a graceful and majestic animal, and endemichnogo the Crimean subspecies. A wild wild boar have occupied anew, and he feels itself(himself) freely.
Rodents - 15 kinds, hares - 2 kinds to see a hare not the problem both on a vineyard, and in suburban lesoposadkah. And here from rodents most of all on a kind - the squirrel-teleduck . In 1940 it have delivered from Altai as a trade kind. But it was not fated krymchanam to carry the squirrel fur coats (and it and to the best). First, the squirrel on heat has replaced the fur attire practically with bikini, having left only a magnificent tail and brushes on ears. Secondly, she lives in parks, very much is on friendly terms with having a rest, especially with children, the entertainment from hands takes frequent. To put it briefly, pi-ar at it such that the public will not allow it to shoot!
Rather it is a lot of kinds rukokrylyh, for bats once remarkable conditions the abundance of caves, but now gave all rukokrylye under the threat of extinction. And here with hedgehogs and shrews (all insectivorous 6 kinds) - a full order. Usual twilight visitors of tent small towns and summer residences.
From amphibians toads and frogs are usual, and tritons are interesting. From reptiles (14 kinds) povsemestny, but very much zanjatny lizards, especially endemichnyj the Crimean gecko - extremely running on verticals, thanks to suckers on pads. Snakes are very rare: medjanka, polozy leopard, zheltobrjuhy and chetyrehpolozyj. Uzhi, especially water, are usual - and in bays of Kazantipa even form horrible congestions. All of them are not poisonous! Only steppe viper represents danger to the person, but on Southern coast and in general it does not live in a seaside zone.
If it is a little animals and in the specific relation, and on frequency of meetings the world of insects simply deserves special expeditions of scientists and collectors (and it practises): 15 thousand kinds.
2 thousand butterflies - day and night (for example, well-known brazhnik "ьх=Ётр уюыютр"), summer and winter (!), whole flitting iridescent clouds.
Horrible bogomoly and able to fly sideways and back of a dragonfly. A shaggy bumblebee (well actually, their kinds a little) and wild bees. And thus anything similar to excess of gadflies and the gadflies, habitual for Russia, or on a bloody bath of the Siberian midges. Generally only fluttering, koposhenie, a sparkling. Friendly enough, as well as all Crimean nature.
And as regards music... Crickets and grasshoppers chirr, matter of course, and somehow more brightly, more strongly, more cheerfully, than to the north.
And here cicadas, these create the vibration shaking in literal sense which for the present have been not surpassed any megatons of electronics.
The Ukrainian classic Glibov has translated a classical fable about the slogger an ant and poprygune which only sang in the summer, having picked up the name "-юэ№ъ-ё=Ё№сѕэхчі". A grasshopper quite clear creation for the Ukrainian, but all the same with positive image. And here fabulist Krylov still confuses the Russian children: the dragonfly does not sing, and does not jump. Though it is, of course, too beautiful to recognise as its hardworking.
What a difference a cicada about which wrote both Ezop, and Fontaine, a being in all senses strange and, precisely, - not hard-working. Appearance reminds a fly, only huge with protruding eyes and very dense pantsyrem. In it just on the bottom party of a paunch there is a pair of convex plates of cymbals with the resonator. Involving or weakening a paunch, a cicada (only males actually) attracts attention of possible partners. Write (even classics, but not to biology, and science fiction) that on frequency of vibrations it is possible to define heat temperature precisely. But, apparently, that in a combination to a heat, especially night, cicadas irritate simply more. However, they also inspire poets. So is faster, a cicada to a resort on advantage.
Jumps, dances and the cicada from June till October-November, cares at it during this moment any, except foppery and love plays music. To colds they it is simple sdyhajut. And here the larva can grow, eating roots of trees from 1 till 14 years at different kinds.
Zhukov, in general, 4000 kinds. Are very beautiful (and the main thing are numerous and bugs-deer and well-known "ёхЁэшыіэ№щ" are not dangerous); a bug - endemichnaja Crimean zhuzhelitsa, huge (to 5 sm) shining violet-green modulations of the reservation creation with powerful feet and jaws. For a night runs to 2 km, hunting for bugs, caterpillars and grape snails.
By the way, a grape snail geliks, the overland mollusc, is famous for the taste, in vicinities of Bakhchisarai them prepare even for delivery in restaurants of France. To food there is only a foot. It is almost pure fiber so as well as egg - the main thing not to digest, differently meat will be rigid.
Snails quickly and humanely umertvljajut, sticking with feet into salt. Thus there is a foam with slime. It is considered that slime will be less if snails to take in a dark and cool place pair of days. But it not so is important, if you carefully wash out snails from foam.
Snails boil no more than 15 minutes. Then a plug extend from a bowl only a dense foot, deleting everything that is easily rumpled under fingers. Fry in vegetable oil before formation of a ruddy crust (with the onions boiled in advance by a potato or mushrooms). Submit in mayonnaise. Effectively also it is tasty, if each snail is wrapped in the fried slice of an eggplant.
Wash down with white dry wine. If snails from southwest Crimea - that of Inkermansky factory of vintage wines or the Bakhchsarai factory "Июэ=рэ" if from east - it is possible to recommend dry Kokur of manufacture of Alushtinsky, Sudaksky or Nizhnegorsky wineries.
Here we have already approached and to a game theme. White dry wine recommend and to a bird. But in general, bloodthirstiness - not most widespread line of the Crimean tourists. The majority of them is content (and even rejoices) to that feed on quays of seagulls, cormorants, wild ducks and gentle handsome men of swans. In total in Crimea meets about 300 kinds of birds, their big part to nest here, 30% are kinds flying, including woodcocks, and 10%, for example, belolobye geese only winter at us.
Finishing a theme of variety of a plant and animal life, we will shortly tell and about sea waters. Are richest (and also they are pure and beautiful), just at rocky coast.
In Black sea 500 kinds monocelled, nearby 160 pozvonochnyh (fishes and mammals) live about two and a half thousand kinds, from which. Crustacea more than 500 kinds, molluscs - 200 kinds. For comparison it is possible to tell that Mediterranean sea more richly kinds in 3,5 times, and Azov is poorer in 4 times. And here on ryboproduktivnosti (abilities to give fish from surface unit) sea of Azov was considered in 60 - 70th as the best in the world.
From sea mammals dolphins are numerous: belobochka, azovka, afalina. Representations which are arranged in delphinariums, training, how many game and cooperation of dolphins, and also result of their curiosity is not so much. Accompanying boats and steam-ships at coast, they behave so effectively, gracefully and fearlessly. And exhausting a mullet or other fish to coast for the hunting, they friendly allow to receive also to fishermen the share.